Case of African swine fever reported in northern Italy

Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is seen in Bialowieza, Poland, on 3 April 2021 European bison Show Reserve in Bialowieski National Park (Rezerwat Pokazowy Zubrów) is a wildlife reserve with walking paths and opportunities to view bison, wolves and elk in natural habitat. (Photo by Michal Fludra/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

A case of African swine fever has been detected in a wild boar in Italy, news agency ANSA said Friday, raising fears of a blow to the country’s meat industry.

Highly transmissible and fatal for pig populations, African swine fever (ASF) does not present a risk for human health but risks serious repercussions for pork producers.

Italy, with about 8.9 million pigs, is the seventh biggest pork producer in the European Union, representing an 8 billion euro (9.1 billion U.S. dollars) industry, according to the agricultural association Confagricoltura.

ANSA said the case of the viral disease was detected after tests on the carcass of a wild boar in Ovada in the northern Piedmont region.

The regional research body reported to have carried out the tests could not be reached for confirmation later on Friday.

African swine fever has existed in Africa for decades. In Italy, it has been endemic on the island of Sardinia since first appearing in 1978.

ANSA said the case in Italy had been referred to Italy’s health ministry, which in turn would notify the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE) and the European Commission.

In a December 3 situation report on the virus, the OIE said ASF has been reported in 32 countries in five different world regions since January 2020. It has affected more than one million pigs and more than 28,000 wild boar around the world.

“The events observed in the last six months confirm the global threat of ASF, which continues to spread with serious impacts on pig production systems, animal health and welfare, as well as the socio-economic impacts on livelihoods, national food security and international trade,” the report said.