Africa Cup of Nations poses massive challenges for host Cameroon

Cameroon Helath and Sports Minister, Narcise Mouelle Kombi stands behinds AFCON trophy. /AFP Photo

The Africa Cup of Nations, kicking off Sunday in Cameroon after a delay over Covid concerns, is also posing major security, political and organizational challenges for the host nation.

Some were fearing yet another postponement, with African football chief Patrice Motsepe saying late last month that the rapid spread of the Omicron variant in a country with a low vaccination rate is “an enormous challenge”.

The African Football Confederation (known by its French acronym CAF) has set down draconian rules that may bar fans from entering stadiums en masse.

Spectators must be fully vaccinated and show a negative PCR test less than 72 hours before a match.

Stadium capacity is set at 60 percent though it will be increased to 80 percent when Cameroon’s own “Indomitable Lions” play — notably, in the opening match against Burkina Faso on Sunday.

Motsepe, a South Africa mining tycoon, has already acknowledged the risks presented by a proliferation of false tests.

COVID-19 is already having an impact with Senegal delaying its departure for the tournament after three players tested positive. The Gambia says it is facing a “catastrophe” because it is not allowed to replace players hit by COVID-19.

Cameroon, a poor central African country of 27 million people, has officially recorded 1,840 Covid deaths from 110,000 infections, though experts warn of under-reporting.

Few people wear masks and only 2.4 percent of the population has been vaccinated.

The authorities are also struggling with separatist gunmen in the west and militants in the north. There is a fear that someone will seize the country’s turn in the sporting spotlight to launch attacks.

Security forces in the west are on high alert after armed groups sent threatening messages to teams in Group F, gathering Tunisia, Mali, Mauritania and Gambia.

The four teams are scheduled to play in the coastal town of Limbe, and their training site is Buea, a hotspot of separatist unrest.

“The threats are very serious,” Blaise Chamango, head of an NGO in Buea called Human Is Right, told AFP by telephone.

Cameroon was chosen in 2014 to stage the African football showcase in 2019 but fell behind with preparations. Egypt stepped in at the last minute to host the event in Cameroon’s place.

The 2021 tournament was postponed twice, first because of fears that torrential seasonal rains could affect the tight schedule, and then because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

But major infrastructure projects were also at issue, with the flagship Olembe complex in the capital Yaounde still not fully completed.