December 1 every year the world marks AIDS Day, an international day dedicated to raising awareness about the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome a pandemic caused by the spread of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus-HIV.
However in Morocco, 2018 statistics from the UN Programme for HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) indicate that about 21,000 adults are living with the virus.Of these, around 30% of Moroccans infected by HIV do not even know their HIV positive status.
While the number of Moroccans living with HIV represents only 0.08% of the general population, the disease is prevalent in key populations such as people who inject drugs, with a prevalence of 7.9%;gay men (5.7%),sex workers (1.3%), and prisoners (0.5%).
In 2018, the Moroccan Association for the Fight against AIDS-ALCS recorded 900 new HIV infections and 350 deaths among Moroccans.
The organization recorded around 67% of the new cases of HIV infection in the key populations where AIDS is prevalent, while 70% of women among the new cases received the infection through their husbands.
The regions of Souss-Massa, Marrakech-Safi, and Casablanca-Settat host 65% of Moroccans living with HIV.
The cities where the disease is most prevalent are Nador, with a prevalence of 13.2%,Casablanca (9%), Tetouan (7.1%), and Marrakech (5.7%).
The number of new AIDS cases in Morocco is declining every year. Since 2010, new HIV infections have decreased by 2% and AIDS-related deaths have decreased by 42%.
Morocco is undertaking a national plan to increase awareness of AIDS and prevent new infections. In 2012, HIV testing became integrated into health centers across the country, and treatment became more accessible.
“Morocco is a model for other countries and will reach the 90-90-90 targets by 2020. It is important to be optimistic; I am an incorrigible optimist,” commented UNAIDS Executive Director, Michel Sidibe, hinting at Morocco’s progress in the fight against AIDS.
The 90-90-90 targets are an HIV awareness-raising platform set by UNAIDS. Its goal is to have, by 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV know their HIV positive status and receive sustained antiretroviral therapy.
Civil society is also an important actor in raising awareness about AIDS in Morocco. ALCS’ president Hakima Kimmich said civil society is “on track and must not relax efforts in prevention and access to treatment to, why not, succeed in ending the epidemic in [Morocco] by 2030.”