The Economic Freedom Fighters, EFF, South Africa’s third largest party is six years old and the party today were celebrating with a rally at the Kanyamazane Stadium in Mpumalanga Province.
The EFF, was born in 2013, and has since its fortunes continue to grow after two election cycles. It is a party that prides itself with a dogged push for black economic empowerment.
The party’s representatives in parliament usually wear red overalls and berets or hard plastic caps showing their allegiance to the working class.
It is led by Julius Sello Malema, a fiery orator who was once leader of the youth wing of the ruling African National Congress, ANC. He was expelled from the ANC after disagreements with the then president Jacob Zuma.
The party emerged as a kingmaker in 2016 elections in metropolitan areas like the administrative capital Pretoria and commercial capital Johannesburg, where it backed main opposition Democratic Alliance, DA, candidates.
The EFF won 6.3% of the vote in 2014 elections making it the third-largest party in parliament. In May 2019 polls, the party grossed 10.7% of the vote. It got 1.8 million votes and 44 seats in the national parliament – up from 25.
Known for its far-left policies including plans to nationalise mines, the party had long been deemed as punching above its weight on the political scene.
It played a key role in holding Zuma to account for spending state money on non-security upgrades to his private residence and has shaped the debate on land expropriation without compensation, a policy the ANC has said it intends to carry out in due course.
His political rhetoric appeals to mainly younger black voters who are disillusioned with 25 years of ANC rule.