Millions face starvation in drought-hit Somalia

Displaced Somali children queue as they wait for food-aid rations on January 19, 2012 at a distribution centre during a visit to assess the progress of relief efforts by UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in the capital Mogadishu. PHOTO | TONY KARUMBA | AFP

A raging drought in Somalia could leave some 2.2 million people — nearly 18 per cent of the country’s population — in severe hunger during the July-September period.

The warning came through a special FAO alert on Somalia, indicating that the number of hungry people in the Horn of Africa nation is this year expected to be 40 per cent higher than the estimates made at the beginning of the year.

“Rains in April and early May can make or break Somalis’ food security for the whole year as they are crucial for the country’s main annual harvest in July, following the Gu rainy season. ” said Mario Zappacosta, FAO senior economist and lead of the Global Information and Early Warning System.

The agency also raised concerns of acute malnutrition as well as the number of acutely malnourished children being admitted to therapeutic feeding centres since the beginning of the year

The worrying number of animals in very poor health conditions due to low body weight and drought-induced diseases is also a red flag for the agency.

“Herders in the worst drought-affected areas such as central Galgaduud and in northern Bari and Sanaag regions have been forced to slaughter the offspring of their goats and sheep as they don’t have enough fodder and water for all their animals, and try to save the milk-producing female livestock,” said FAO Somalia representative Serge Tissot

The projection is based on data gathered by FAO experts — including sophisticated analyses of rainfall, temperatures, water availability and vegetation health — that point to the worst drought in years.

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