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U.N. expected to approve plan for December elections in Libya

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French President Emmanuel Macron, Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, Khalifa Haftar, the military commander who dominates eastern Libya, and the participants of the International Conference on Libya listen to a verbal agreement between the various parties regarding the organization of a democratic election this year at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France, May 29, 2018. Etienne Laurent/Reuters/File Photo

The U.N. Security Council is expected to give its backing Wednesday to the holding of presidential and parliamentary elections in Libya in December.

French President Emmanuel Macron, Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, Khalifa Haftar, the military commander who dominates eastern Libya, and the participants of the International Conference on Libya listen to a verbal agreement between the various parties regarding the organization of a democratic election this year at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France, May 29, 2018. Etienne Laurent/Reuters/File Photo

The council has scheduled a meeting to adopt a French-drafted presidential statement that would welcome “the momentum generated” by an international conference on Libya hosted by President Emmanuel Macron on May 29.

The draft presidential statement would put the Security Council on record saying that “the current political and security situation in Libya is not sustainable.” And it would note “the resounding call of all Libyans for credible, inclusive and peaceful elections in order to achieve a united and stable Libya.”

At the Paris conference, rival Libyan leaders agreed on a political roadmap leading to elections on Dec. 10.

The draft presidential statement welcomes their commitment “to work constructively with the U.N. to organize credible and peaceful parliamentary and presidential elections, and to respect the results.” It also welcomes the parties’ recognition “of the importance of developing a constitutional basis for elections.”

The statement further recognizes the key role of U.N. envoy Ghassan Salame “in consulting with Libyan parties to set the constitutional basis for elections and to adopt the necessary laws.”

The draft notes the commitment of parties to the Paris agreement “to organize an inclusive political conference” under U.N. auspices to follow up on implementation of the roadmap.

It would also express concern at the humanitarian situation in Libya, especially in Derna where clashes have been ongoing since April, and would call on all parties “to exercise restraint.”

Libya plunged into chaos following a 2011 uprising that toppled and later killed longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi. Since 2014, the country has been split between rival governments and parliaments based in the western and eastern regions, each backed by different militias and tribes.

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