The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an active regional peacekeeping operation instituted by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations in Somalia.
AMISOM was formed by the AU Peace and Security Council in 2007 to counter the threat of Islamist militant group al-Shabaab and other armed groups in Somalia.
The mission was initially created to last six months but has lasted to date, with approval from the AUPSC which renews its mandate every six months.
AMISOM replaced and subsumed the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Peace Support Mission to Somalia or IGASOM, which was a proposed Inter-Governmental Authority on Development protection and training mission in Somalia approved by the African Union in September 2006.IGASOM was also approved by the United Nations Security Council.
AMISON has been billed as an African success story for its major achievements in the quest to stabilize Somalia and give it another chance for governance.
The mission draws troops from regional states, including Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Djibouti and Ethiopia.
It has been able to recapture various key towns from the grasps of al-Shabaab, pushing the militants out of their strongholds.
Regional heads of states have time and again reiterated their focus on completely crushing al-Shabaab in order to instil peace in Somalia and the region at large.
Somali residents hold high hopes that soon, AMISOM will give them the peace that has eluded them for more than a decade.