The United Nations is warning that the La Nina phenomenon is likely to worsen drought and hunger in Somalia, especially in the north where many people and their animals are migrating in search of water after four failed rainy seasons.
La Nina, characterised by unusually cold temperatures in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, is predicted to bring further hardship to swathes of east and southern Africa already hit by the El Nino weather phenomenon.
El Nino, a warming of the Pacific Ocean, brought severe drought to northern parts of Somalia, like Puntland and Somaliland, and floods to southern and central areas.
“The situation could further worsen in the likelihood of a La Niña event,” the United Nations (U.N.) Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said in its latest bulletin.
Back in 2011, Somalia experienced its worst ever famine in which around 260,000 people died, and is said to have been partly caused by a significant La Nina following El Nino.